The battle for the Nile with Egypt over Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam has just begun
Africa’s longest river, the Nile runs through 11 countries. One of them is Ethiopia which contributes about 85% of the Nile water flowing to Sudan and Egypt. The 11 nations are hoping that the massive Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which is currently under construction, will open up many new opportunities from electric power supply to reducing evaporation losses.
When completed, the dam will have installed capacity to generate 6000 MW electricity to relieve Ethiopia’s acute energy shortage and also export to Sudan and possibly Egypt. The dam can store 74 billion cubic meters of water, about half the volume of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt.
A project of this size also, inevitably, brings challenges. Some of these relate to technical issues and other to the region’s politics.
Diplomatic concerns include the fact that, for a long time, Egypt and Sudan have believed that they have more right to the waters of the Nile than other countries.
Read more: Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam battles Egypt, Sudan on the Nile — Quartz Africa